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【转载】《中国日报》中国重视达沃斯旨在争取世界稳定秩序  

2017-01-19 05:55:31|  分类: 2017重要 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
 

中国高度重视达沃斯论坛旨在争取世界稳定秩序

 两周前,《中国日报》(China Daily)记者约稿,说中国最高领导人将参加2017年在达沃斯举行的世界经济论坛大会。

 我在开会之前的前几天就把稿件发给记者,1月18日正式发出。请看网络连接和英文全文如下。http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/opinion/2017-01/17/content_27980329.htm

那么,昨天看到习近平的讲话以后,我发现我提前说的主要观点,基本上都在习近平的讲话中体现出来(请看下面习近平讲话的网络链接。)

http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTEyNjUwOA==&mid=2653015694&idx=1&sn=6ed105109d60c0b22abe5ebbb9e0a594&chksm=bd28230d8a5faa1bd774f198f062ba3108b138d7a28d5e3892e31c1f640b0a0f90877bf65b88&mpshare=1&scene=5&srcid=0118Z26bcpbnSeBVfM9MrTnv#rd (习近平讲话)。

 我在这里把我的文章大意和习近平表达的主要内容,归纳如下:

(1)       中国人想利用达沃斯论坛宣传其对全球化的观念。当美国特兰普,英国脱欧和欧洲国家对欧盟产生顾虑,中东多年动乱和难民问题严重,恐怖主义肆无忌惮,贸易保护主义抬头的关键时刻,中国一方面表达对全球化的持续看好,一方面表达愿意尽自己的努力,促进全球经济正常发展,促进世界和平稳定。

(2)       中国经济增长放慢,不仅是外部后危机造成的,也是国内经济结构调整和应对环境污染的需要。

(3)       中国经济增长持续稳定,比许多国家要好,给世界经济增长产生30%的贡献率,在贸易和投资(吸引外资和对外投资),国际旅游等方面,中国已经是世界无法替代的增长引擎。

(4)       习近平“一带一路”建设,旨在拓展传统贸易,增强投资及人员交流,实现利益和命运共同体。这对许多国家都有引吸引力。中国在为自己谋取利益的同时,欢迎外国参与建设,可以搭“便车”、“顺风车”。

(5)       中国关注国内民生,关注贫困人口。中国也希望世界更加平等,更加努力去消灭贫困。充分体现中国的崛起,不是为了霸权,而是为了全人类的美好生活。

(6)       中国通过内生增长,有能力实现两个一百年目标,跨越中等收入陷阱。

(7)       中国的成绩来之不易,一是党的领导,二是人民的勤劳俭朴。有了政治稳定和勤劳的人民两大要素,困难是短期的,可以克服的,中国有必胜的信念、决心和能力。

 China pays serious attention to Davos for more stable world order

By Yao Shujie | chinadaily.com.cn | Updated: 2017-01-17 16:51


《中国日报》中国重视达沃斯旨在争取世界稳定秩序 - 姚树洁 - 姚树洁的博客
 

 

 

A man walks at the main entrance of the congress center where the World Economic Forum takes place in Davos, Switzerland, in this file photo taken on Jan 18, 2016. [Photo/IC]

[网络连接: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/opinion/2017-01/17/content_27980329.htm]


The Chinese ambassador to Geneva informed the public that Xi’s first foreign visit in 2017 signifies China’s effort for a more stable world order of economy and politics, using the World Economic Forum as an important platform to convey this message. Xi will deliver a speech at the conference to share his vision of and China’s approach to reversing the anti-globalization sentiment prevailing in many parts of the world in the aftermath of the global financial crisis.

Brexit, Trump’s succession to Obama as the new US president and the possibility that Italy and some other EU member states may contemplate leaving the Euro zone, have cast doubt and uncertainty about the future order of international trade, investment and foreign relation.

Domestically, China faces many internal and external challenges, and the rest of the world is anxious to know whether China will be able to sustain its current level of economic growth and continue to be a potent engine of world economic growth.

The annual World Economic Forum held in Davos has a history of more than four decades and China’s participation is only a recent phenomenon coinciding with its resurgence as an economic and business superpower in the 21stcentury.

In the new century, China has paid more attention to the forum at Davos. Many Chinese top leaders, including former and current premiers, have attended and delivered speeches at the forum, but the visit of Xi this year is of particular importance because of his status as China’s core leader.

Since he became the General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee and the president of China, Xi has been praised for his determination to clean the Party and political system through a radical and relentless anti-corruption campaign.

On the economic front, Xi has abandoned the idea of fast growth at the expense of the environment with cheap labor and low technology. He emphasizes social equality and justice as his top policy goals as reflected by his determination to eliminate absolute poverty in China by 2020.

Internationally, Xi has actively promoted the One Belt and One Road Initiative since 2013, aiming to attain mutual benefits and share responsibilities for all the countries along the belt and the road. In the last two years, China has invested abroad far more than it has absorbed foreign capital, showing that the country is no longer a poor developing nation, but a prosperous middle-high income economy which is now an indispensable growth engine of the world economy.

The main theme of the 2017 Davos annual World Economic Forum is “responsive and the responsible leadership”. It reflects the current complexity and difficulty of world economic and political order.

The world financial crisis starting from the US in 2007 has caused huge difficulty to many countries which are still struggling to recover from the crisis. Some countries, including the US and other western economic powers, may have blamed globalization and free trade for their economic downturn, but in reality and sincerity, it is free trade and globalization that have benefited them the most in recent history.

As a late comer of modern industrialization and its resurgence as an economic superpower, China has certainly benefited from the process of globalization, particularly since its accession to the World Trade Organization. China’s recent emergence as a leading global investor suggests that it is ready to help other countries harnessing globalization and free trade for their economic and social development.

However, the current global economic climate is full of anxiety and stress, as most countries are struggling to find their way of slow growth or recession. The US dollar is getting ever stronger while all other major currencies are weakening. Is this good or bad for the US economy? Donald Trump will have his own interpretation, which may inevitably lead to some unforeseen consequences on other countries, including China.

In recent years, the Chinese economy has lost its rapid growth momentum due to tough internal and external constraints. However, compared to other major economies, China’s economic performance is still robust, as its internal market is huge with a great potential of internal growth irrespective of the external environment.

In the west, the US is probably the best performing economy, but the growth rate has not reached its pre-crisis level. The economic performance of the EU and Japan is still weak and fragile. Two of the so-called BRIC economies, Russia and Brazil, are struggling to move out of negative growth. Even the high-growth, high-performing economies of Singapore and South Korea are now growing at a mere low single-digit level.

The uncertainty of the world economic and political order is not just about free trade and investment, it is also about international migration, refugees, terrorism and climate change.

In Davos, Xi is expected to send a positive signal, reaffirming China’s effort and commitment for sustainable economic growth at home and for supporting free trade and globalization across national boundaries. He may also put forward China’s commitment for reducing the emission intensity of GDP growth and for fighting international terrorism.

Shujie Yao, Chueng Kong Professor of Economics, Chongqing University and the University of Nottingham

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